A container manufacturer will need to have specific control settings and loading procedures to be able to make sure that cargo will survive shipping with full safety of the goods to avoid spoilage. Without proper techniques followed, and based on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations when it comes to size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and type of refrigeration method. Here’s a listing of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport will be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for that optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (over 50 percent) contains fruits and vegetables, and the other 40 percent contains meats and fish. Each type has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo needing to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, which is, the airflow rate with the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) hourly. Air flow is usually from the base of the reefer to the very top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and through packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo ought to be closed, that is certainly, just across the cargo.
3. Set the humidity control for maximum conditions according to cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo should be secured to ensure that, once loaded, it does not move during shipment. Loaded cargo should never violate the utmost red-load line, which establishes the utmost height of cargo within the reefer container supplier, to enable proper airflow return to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow must not be restricted looking at the proper flow around and through the cargo. This can depend on the form of cargo and whether it is chilled or frozen. However, if there are significant gaps across the cargo, or excessively large chimneys in between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and reduce proper airflow where it is required to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor supplier has been properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without must open it up whenever you want through the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A properly loaded and shipped reefer must provide adequate protection and repair of goods from beginning to end from the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are frequently called reefers. A reefer is described as “a refrigerator (especially one large enough to get walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play an important role in global trade. They enable companies to ship items like fruits, vegetables, milk products as well as other items requiring refrigeration when in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped at the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels required for the product they may be transporting. Reefer containers are generally fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly using the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially designed to allow for the transport of individual refrigerated container units and they are generally usually seen in special areas of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and some reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make sure perishable cargo is not spoiled because of a refrigeration unit going bad.